Näthatet är så utbrett att offentliga kvinnor attackeras var 30:nde sekund på nätet och i sociala medier, skriver Amnesty International i en ny rapport.
Amnesty har kartlagt angreppen och påhoppen på kvinnor på Twitter under de senaset två åren och uppmanat Twitter att offentligt redogöra för omfattningen och vad Twitter gör att för att få stopp på de verbala attackerna.
We are experiencing a watershed moment with women around the world using their collective power to speak out about the abuse they face and amplify their voices through social media platforms. However, Twitter’s failure to effectively tackle violence and abuse on the platform has a chilling effect on freedom of expression online and undermines women’s mobilisation for equality and justice – particularly groups of women who already face discrimination and marginalisation.
Amnesty International has repeatedly urged Twitter to publicly share comprehensive and meaningful information about reports of violence and abuse against women, as well as other groups, on the platform, and how they respond to it.
Bland de kvinnor som tillfrågats finns politiker, skribenter och journalister. Kvinnor som har en mer synlig position på och i sociala medier.
Working with Element AI, we first designed a large, unbiased dataset of thousands of tweets mentioning 778 women politicians and journalists from the UK and US. The sample of women selected included all parliamentarians from the UK Parliament and US Congress and Senate as well as women journalists from publications like the Daily Mail, Gal Dem, the Guardian, Pink News, the Sun in the UK and Breitbart and the New York Times in the USA.
More than 6,500 digital volunteers from around the world then took part in Troll Patrol, analysing 288,000 unique tweets to create a labelled dataset of abusive or problematic content. The volunteers were shown an anonymized tweet mentioning one of the women in our study, then were asked simple questions about whether the tweets were abusive or problematic, and if so, whether they revealed misogynistic, homophobic or racist abuse, or other types of violence. Each tweet was analysed by multiple people. The volunteers were given a tutorial and definitions and examples of abusive and problematic content, as well as an online forum where they could discuss the tweets with each other and with Amnesty International’s researchers.